3D Gabor Based Hyperspectral Anomaly Detection

Document Type : Research Article


Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Hyperspectral anomaly detection is one of the main challenging topics in both military and civilian fields. The spectral information contained in a hyperspectral cube provides a high ability for anomaly detection. In addition, the costly spatial information of adjacent pixels such as texture can also improve the discrimination between anomalous targets and background. Most studies miss the worthful spatial characteristics. Moreover, some works that include the spatial features in the anomaly detection process extract features from each hyperspectral band that is a two dimensional image while the original structure of hyperspectral cube contains three dimensions. Ignoring the nature of hyperspectral image leads to lose the contained spectral-spatial correlations in the hyperspectral cube. To deal with this difficulty, in this work, the fused spectral and spatial features obtained by applying 3D Gabor filters are proposed for hyperspectral anomaly detection. Exploiting the 3D structure of hyperspectral cube by capturing multiple scales, orientations and its spectral-dependent characteristics provides an appropriate spectral-spatial feature space for anomalous targets detection. The extracted features are applied to the regularized RX detector to provide the detection map. The experiments show the superior performance of the proposed Gabor 3D based detector in terms of detection accuracy and computation time. 


Main Subjects

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